Best Practices for Healthy and Stable Relationships

Best Practices for Healthy and Stable Relationships

Even though each relationship is different, there are some basic ways to maintain a healthy and long-lasting relationship. However, healthy relationships don’t look the same for everyone since most people vary in their needs. A healthy and stable relationship is possible depending on whether the parties involved can work on their needs amicably. Realizing yourself before getting into a relationship is the first step you can take to having a healthy and long-lasting relationship. This helps you know your position in a relationship and also assists you in recognizing the best party that you can relate with, ideally in a relationship. The following are some things worth considering for a long-lasting relationship:

Maintain Your Identity

Being in a relationship is exciting, and at the same time, it is easy to find yourself having a common interest and shared ideals. Nevertheless, it is advisable to ensure you maintain your identity as an individual. A healthy and long-lasting relationship always acknowledges individuality and that different interests and identities can easily complement one another and create a stronger bond. Personal identity is critical since it helps each party deliver the best in a relationship.

Understand Your Communication Styles

Just like most people have their personality types, everyone also has a communication style. This significantly influences how one communicates with others and also how one handles conflicts. Understanding your communication skills and those of your partner is vital in having a long-lasting relationship. This is one aspect that helps people navigate through any conflict and misunderstanding with great ease and empathy. Communication is ideal in any form of relationship since it helps people relate well. Honest communication will always lead to an emotional connection that one cannot get anywhere else. Usually, communicating with your partner may sound like an easy thing, but all the same, it means more than that.

Embrace Listening Skills

 Good listening skills are among the most significant assets in a lasting relationship. Being a good listener is not limited to only having active listening skills; it also entails understanding your role in any conversation you are holding. Being a good listener means that one can identify his role during any conversation. Not all situations call for feedback from you, and this means that it is good to master the right communication skills in a relationship. Listening skills help you efficiently address the conflicts that may arise without judgment and develop the right solution.


While individuality is vital in a long-lasting relationship, it is always wise to express yourself and opinions without overshadowing your partner’s needs and expression. Maintaining your identity is not about prioritizing yourself over your partner but self-realization and position in a relationship. Therefore, always make sure you approach your relationship with an open mind to ensure you reach a mutually beneficial decision as a team. Compromising means acknowledging that you have to give a little to get a little without keeping a scoreboard of who benefits from the other, an aspect that helps maintain a happy relationship. 

Create Shared Goals

Just like it is the case with creating personal goals for a healthy relationship, it is also ideal for sharing plans with your partner and working towards those goals together. Consider coming up with the things you want to pursue as a partnership to help you envision some parts of your future as a couple. Creating shared goals helps in the relationship’s longevity by ensuring that both parties are on the same page about the critical aspects of life. In addition, clear communication makes it easy for you to understand whether your interests match your partner’s.

Embrace Forgiveness

Some conflicts cannot be avoided in a relationship, and forgiveness is an art worth considering for a relationship to navigate through these conflicts. Whenever a dispute does not end in a peaceful resolution, it is only wise to learn how to move on in a meaningful way. A healthy and long-term relationship will only thrive when both parties know how to forgive one another. Additionally, you need to learn how to love your partner regardless of the differences and disagreements that you might experience.


Respect is mandatory in any long-lasting relationship. Respecting your partner as a decision-maker, individual, and equal partner in a relationship is critical. Respect means valuing your partner’s input and point of view in every aspect. Equally, one needs to respect himself in a relationship. Respect is one key thing that can help pave the way for all other aspects of a healthy and long-term relationship, such as communication and compromise. It is also ideal for learning to respect yourself in a relationship. You know the behaviors that are okay and those that are not okay. Hence, do not accept anything that is below your standards. This will make it easy for both parties to reciprocate respect.

Be Open to Learning Together

Learning is a huge part of any growth. As individuals, we grow as we age and equally become mature. In a relationship, always consider seeking new ways of learning since it is a rewarding experience. Learning something new helps one get distracted from unsatisfying living situations or work or any other source of stress. Additionally, it would help encourage your partner to learn new skills or even teach them something new. Moreover, learning together will help you create a solid and long-lasting bond with your partner.


Trusting another person can be scary since it calls for one to be vulnerable and give up some degree of autonomy. However, trust is crucial in building a long-lasting relationship since it ensures a stronger connection. Understanding one another is the starting point in learning to trust one another. Trust provides peace of mind, feeling safe and comfortable among people in relationships, realizing that they won’t hurt you emotionally or physically. You know someone has the best interest at heart for you if they respect you and encourage you to make individual choices.

Be Open to Change

Anytime you are working on a constant and long-term relationship, always consider being open to change. Change is constant, also part of life, which means that there will always be some degree of change in any relationship. Change is scary to some people since it means losing some aspect of life in a relationship. However, for people considering having a long-term relationship, changing with your partner is vital since it helps you grow close and strong together.

Always Have Realistic Relationship Expectations

The best way to adjust your expectations in a relationship is by evaluating your needs and communicating those needs to the other party; this will make it easy for you to move on with the shared expectations and goals. Having unrealistic goals and expectations will only work towards infatuating your relationship with your partner. Never go into a relationship with any expectations, one thing that will help eliminate any frustrations in the future.

Avoid Comparison

Considering the era of social media we live in, comparing your relationship with others has become easy today. One of the tips that can help eliminate this aspect is of comparison is ensuring you do not feel inadequate or unloved. Also, having a goal you are working on in a relationship will always avoid unnecessary comparison.

Create Your Own Goals

Setting personal goals in a relationship is a crucial aspect of maintaining your own identity. Devoting your mental energy to pursuits that will self-improve you helps carve much-needed space in any long-term relationship. Encouraging the same your partner too is ideal since it allows you to succeed and grow individually. By supporting one another in a relationship, it gets easier to grow together. 

Consider Check-ins

Scheduling relationship check-ins for those who are conflict-averse is a perfect solution. Check-ins only need to be set as per the parties involved preferences. Check-ins are an ideal solution since they create a safe space for open communication. Proactive communication is a perfect solution anytime you need to address negative feelings before the feelings fester and cause conflicts. Check-ins should not only involve disputes; however, they can be a perfect time to praise your partner for something they have done to improve the relationship.

Embrace Healthy Conflicts

Healthy conflicts are a suitable solution that prevents massive blowouts from manifesting. Usually, conflicts are meant to happen in any relationship. Therefore, learning to embrace conflicts and learning from disagreements is vital for any long-lasting relationship. Furthermore, navigating through a conflict healthy makes it easier for you to learn from the mistakes and navigate a relationship much more effortlessly.

Be Ready to Try Something New

Avoid getting stuck with just one routine; explore varieties. In most cases, long-term relationships experience moments of closeness and moments of distance. These moments may inevitably come when both parties in a relationship are stuck in their everyday routines and habits. Experimenting with something new is among the best solution to ensure you do away with such periods. Of course, this needs to be an activity that interests both of you.

Be Active

Personal health is a crucial thing when it comes to promoting both physical and mental health. Regular physical activities boost endorphins associated with mood and productivity. You can consider being active as partners or as an individual. Prioritizing your health will highly contribute to a high-quality relationship as well as a high-quality life. Equally, you can encourage this in your other party to show them you care about their long-term health and well-being.

Support One Another During Hardship

Supporting your partner during hardship is a key solution, just like it is in marriage. While equality is essential in any relationship, devotion is crucial, more so when one partner is in need. It is ideal for showing your partner that you care for them and are willing to offer some of your autonomy to help them navigate any hardship.

Take Responsibility for Your Happiness

A relationship should always be a source of happiness. However, it is worth understanding that every person should take charge of their happiness. In any relationship, one should know that they should care for their peace of mind and mental health even though their partner can contribute. In any relationship, each party should understand that they have the ultimate control of their mental health and any form of happiness.

Pick Your Battles

While it is vital to embrace a healthy relationship, it is ideal to prioritize what disagreements are worth fighting. Picking fights about every little thing that arises does not create a safe space for your partner to be human and the faults associated with being human. Reflecting on this aspect of picking the battles is vital since it helps you know what can make or break your relationship. Anytime you find yourself fighting over every little thing that arises, reflect on your mood or the situation or whatever is causing the annoyance. Communicate about all these things is one key aspect that will lead to mutual growth. Picking your battles is one step that you can take and create peace in your relationship.

Healthy relationships have at high-rate increased happiness, reduced stress, and also improved health. Studies have shown that healthy relationships only increase satisfaction and reduce stress to the parties involved. The only essential thing is to ensure you follow all the fundamental aspects that help strengthen a relationship. Any relationship that lacks the basics cannot thrive. A healthy and long-lasting relationship makes it possible for the parties involved to care for themselves and care for one another. Always take a step back and learn ways to have a healthy relationship before you can start practicing it. Also, take time to learn and understand your partner. By so doing, thriving in a healthy relationship will be an easy task. Consider your strengths and those of your partner, and they will overshadow any form of weakness that might arise at any given point.

Various Ways to Improve Your Sexual Health and Activities

Various Ways to Improve Your Sexual Health and Activities

Sexual health is essential to the overall health as well as the well-being of any human being. An individual’s sexual life goes hand in hand with general mental, physical and emotional health. Therefore, it is only wise to use the same healthy habits that keep your body fit in your sexual life. Equally, sexual health is fundamental to families and couples and the social and economic development of communities and countries. When viewed affirmatively, sexual health requires a respectful and positive approach; this helps increase the possibility of having a pleasurable and safe sexual experience, free from discrimination and coercion.  Several things need to be achieved to ensure both women and men can achieve the best sexual health and activities.

Physical Activities

Physical activity is one healthy behavior that can significantly improve your sexual life and activities. Physical arousal depends on aerobic exercise and blood flow since they help strengthen both the heart and blood vessels. Regular physical activity offers a great wealth in the body’s sexual life by preventing heart diseases, some forms of cancer, osteoporosis, and generally improving your mood. When exercising, ensure you consider the most beneficial exercises to your sexual life and your overall body.

Eat Healthily

Eating right is yet another aspect worth considering anytime you are considering to improve your sexual health. In this case, you need to reduce overindulgence in fatty foods since they increase the chances of being obese. Also, this will also help you lower blood cholesterol. Having increased libido is one thing that can help reduce the overall weight in your body.

Moderate Alcohol Intake

Moderating alcohol use will also help in improving your sexual health and activities. Some men having erectile dysfunction consider drinking to keep them relaxed. However, excessive indulgence in alcohol can worsen the situation. Alcohol is known o inhibit the sexual reflexes by dulling the central nervous system. In addition, increased alcohol drinking can cause damages to the liver, hence increased production of estrogen in men. In women, alcohol can trigger one’s sleep and cause hot flashes, some of the issues already present in menopause.

Quit Smoking

Consider smoke elimination anytime you want to work on improving your sexual life and activities. Usually, smoking is known to cause peripheral vascular disease; this can affect blood flow in the vaginal tissues, clitoris, and penis. Additionally, women who smoke have a higher chance of going into menopause two years earlier than their nonsmoking counterparts. If you plan to quit smoking, consider trying nicotine gum, patches, or get help from a medical institution.

Communicate with Your Partner

Talk about both your sexual health and activities with your partner. Talking about these matters will help you get encouraged and take the proper steps to improve your sexual health. Equally, talking about sexual issues helps create a good mood anytime you engage in sexual activities. It also becomes easy to understand your preferences and your partner’s. Be open and honest to your partner and ensure you get to do away with any form of struggle that could be affecting your sex health and activities.

Work on Your Anxiety

High levels of anxiety can be a barrier to sexual functioning for both males and females; this can be as a result of stressful life or even specific sex-related health issues. Stress, along with anxiety, can prevent someone from maintaining an erection. Research studies have shown that erectile dysfunction in men has at a high rate been caused by depression and anxiety. Practicing good sleep hygiene, exercising regularly, working on your hobby are some of the things that can help in reducing any kind of anxiety that one could be having.

Get Good Quality Sleep

Getting good quality sleep will also help in boosting one’s sex health activities and health. Studies conducted indicate that women who reported a longer average sleep had increased sexual desire the following day. On the contrary, women who slept for less time did not increase their sexual desires. Hence, it is worth noting that getting enough sleep will significantly help improve your sex life and your health in general.

Look Out for a Sex Therapist

Liaising with a professional sex therapist is another step you can take to work on your sexual health and activities. Since sexual desires are complex with physical and psychological components, it is ideal to consider a specialist. Working on your emotional and psychological response to sex can easily improve your libido, even for people with conditions that affect libido, such as diabetes. A therapist is one best strategies that will help you work on your low libido. With individual counseling, addressing the negative views that one has about sex becomes easy. Dealing with low self-esteem and other secondary causes of low libidos, such as depression and anxiety, also becomes easy.

Stay in a Safe Environment

Living in an environment that protects and affirms your sexual health and activities is yet another aspect worth embracing. At this point, you need to easily recognize things around you that affect your sexual health, and performance. Although it depends on individuality, however, self-evaluation is critical. Be sure to be in an area that makes you feel safe in terms of your sexual health. Any environment that makes you get the proper sexual arousal and is safe for your health needs to be your option.

Accessibility to Sexual Health Care

Easy access to sexual health care needs to be an option for you too. This will help you to access the health care services that you will need effortlessly. Understanding your sexual health from a professional’s perspective is vital since it helps you know anytime you have a sexual health issue that could be unnoticed. A reliable health care center will assist you in working hand in hand with professionals regarding your sexual life.

Research on Sexual Health

Accessing comprehensive and good-quality information about your sexual health is crucial. This will assist you in understanding the steps you need to take to make sure your sexual health is in order. Information associated with sex and sexuality is detailed, therefore, being informed only keeps you on the safe side. Information can best be acquired from professionals, and therefore, be sure to liaise with the best one that you can easily rely on. There are also self-help materials lately regarding all the sexual issues. From the available options, pick out the resources that will help you and work with them to improve your sexual health and activities.


Being relaxed will also assist you in improving your sexual activities and your health generally. Here, you need to consider engaging in something soothing before sexual activities. These relaxing techniques include going out for dinner or even playing a game. Other relaxation options include yoga and deep breathing, which can assist you in your sexual matters.

Acupuncture Treatment

Acupuncture treatment is a good option anytime you need to improve your sexual activities and health. This is a process that involves the placement of needles in the body by a practitioner. Relaxing and balancing one’s body using acupuncture has been a solution for sexual health and activities for a long time. Research studies showed that both men and women having sexual dysfunction have been treated using acupuncture sessions. Acupuncture has helped improve libido in women while, on the other hand, erection, orgasms, and timing of ejaculation in men have been enhanced. Therefore, acupuncture can help boost your sexual health and activities.

Practice Mindfulness

Practicing mindfulness for better sex is one best things that can help improve sex activities and sexual health. Keeping your attention on what you are doing is one easy thing that can help boost your sex activities. The mind-body engagement can easily help in working on your sexual needs. Individuals affected by anxiety and stress have high chances of losing concentration when engaging in sexual activities. Consider doing away with all the distractions anytime you engage in sexual activities to ensure you get the right pleasure from the activity.

Be Informed

Having information about the risks that one might face and the vulnerability to the consequences of having unprotected sex is also crucial in one’s sexual health. Engaging in protected sexual activities helps ease any tension that one could be having during sexual activity. In most instances, this happens in a case where one does not know the other partner’s status. Having protected sexual activity helps eliminate any risk of unprotected sexual behaviors, such as contracting sexually transmitted diseases.

Natural Solutions

The natural approach remains the best way to have your sexual health and activities boosted. This is a good solution, more so for people who do not have adverse sexual health issues. Eating food that will help stimulate the nerves in your genitals is one thing you need to consider. Taking care of your sexual health by taking natural steps is vital since it is not sophisticated. Some herbs are also used in boosting one’s sexual health. Consider researching the right herbs that will help your sexual health depending on the sexual issues you could be facing.

Talk to a Doctor

Most times the right solution to your sexual health issues and activities is seeing a doctor. Sexual health is diverse, and this means that any sexually-related matter can be affected by other medical conditions such as heart disease, multiple sclerosis, vaginal dryness, and depression. Plan and schedule a checkup with a professional doctor to easily understand anything that could be affecting your sex life. After visiting your doctor, be honest with him, and this way, you will easily get the right answer regarding your sexual health matters.

Eliminating Unnecessary Pressures

Avoid any unnecessary pressure anytime you want to improve your sexual activities. Engaging in any sexual activity while under strain will only ruin your moment. You only need to ensure your mind is free from sexual expectations since these can destroy your sexual stamina. Consider any relaxing activity an aspect that will help manage any pressure you could be experiencing during the sexual activity.

Use of Lubricants

Use of lubrication is key anytime you are working on your sexual activities. Having the right level of lubrication will eliminate any tear that can be experienced during sexual activity. Equally, lubrication can help one last longer in bed. When using lubricants, it is wise to look out for safe options for one’s sexual health with no side effects. Usually, oils are essential for people experiencing dryness and might need additional moisturizers.

Regular Sexual Activities

Regular sexual practice is yet an option worth considering. Similar to any other physical activity, there is a need to have a regular sexual activity to eliminate any pain and uncomfortable situations during sexual activities. Most women experience pain during sexual activities due to lack of frequent indulgence. This can easily be solved by ensuring you regularly consider the sexual activities that are safe for you.

The body undergoes different physical transformations, and these are significant contributors to one’s sexuality. This means that one has to be intentional about his sexual health as well as his sexual activities. Understanding the emotional and physical elements associated with sexuality can help you navigate any sexual problem that may arise. Also, it is worth noting that treating any sexual issue lately is easier than ever before since there are professional sex therapists and revolutionary medication that come in handy. However, before working with a professional, it is also possible to ensure you resolve the minor sexual issues affecting you. Take your time and analyze any issue affecting your sexual health and activities, an aspect that will help you get the best starting point in handling any sexual matter. Different people will have various issues affecting their sexual life, and therefore, it is only wise to analyze your own and come up with the right solution as per your issue. Improving your sexual health and activities will be dependent on your self-care. Prioritize taking care of yourself one aspect that will help you develop the right solutions for your sexual health in general.

Health Challenges of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Population

Health Challenges of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Population

Various clinicians and researchers around the globe are confronted daily with insufficient information concerning the health status of multiple lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender (LGBT) individuals and more mainly because they are becoming more open, recognized, and visible elements of society. Although a small body of knowledge about LGBT health has been produced over the previous two decades, more discoveries are still ongoing. Besides, LGBT individuals come from various races and ethnicities, faiths, and socioeconomic backgrounds.

According to research, LGBT people experience health inequalities due to the societal stigma, most evident discrimination, and rejection of their civic and human rights. Discrimination alongside LGBT persons has been associated with an augmented frequency of mental illness, substance misuse, and suicide. Additionally, violence and victimization are everyday experiences for LGBT individuals, and they have long-term consequences for both the person and the community. Besides, the mental health of the LGBT people and their safety is affected by various individuals, diverse families, and social approval of their sexual alignment and gender distinctiveness.

As the health of other people is essential, so is the health of the LGBT person significant because of diverse reasons to ensure that the LGBT people can live longer and have healthy lives. Therefore, various health inequities must be eliminated, and the vital initiatives are enhanced to enhance LGBT health, and they must be stepped up. Addressing health issues and removing inequities has numerous advantages, including reducing various diseases transmission and their progression. Moreover, it can help in improving the psychological and also bodily well-being of LGBT people. Furthermore, it can help in cost-cutting in healthcare and also ensure that there is longevity improvement. Therefore, various efforts should be made to advance the fitness of LGBT people.

The following are some of the initiatives aimed at improving LGBT health. For instance, identifying various LGBT health disparities by ensuring data collection from multiple health-related questionnaires and medical records and then analyzing them can help determine their common diseases. Then, means of preventing them can be invented to avoid its spread. Besides, appropriately enquiring about and supporting a particular patient’s sexual alignment and gender identity improves patient-provider engagement and the regular usage of care. Moreover, providing socially knowledgeable care training to various students’ anti-bullying rules in schools and supporting social services to prevent juvenile suicide and homelessness can improve their health. Using evidence-based therapies to combat HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) and recognize its effects will help them be cautious with their health.

To successfully address the LGBT health challenges and their issues, a collection of adequate information in diverse national surveys and the health records in various secure and consistent manners. Then, multiple investigators and policymakers can assess LGBT health and inequities due to this appropriately. Comprehending the health of LGBT persons starts with the indulgence of their antiquity of domination and also discernment. Additionally, alcohol consumption has been anxiety since both inns and clubs are frequently the only benign locations for LGBT persons to assemble.

Oppression and also prejudice are significant social variables distressing the health of LGBT people. Among the many examples, health insurance, occupation, housing, marital, and retirement benefits are all subject to legal discrimination. Besides, bullying in their schools is not protected by any legislation. Thus, it contributes to their unhealthy bodies due to the stress linked to it and since there aren’t enough social programs for various LGBT youths, adults, and senior citizens. However, there is a scarcity of healthcare benefactors who are informed about LGBT health and culturally proficient. As a result, there are diverse surroundings that are to be stimulants of the well-being issues and the problems of the LGBT persons. The following are examples of the physical setting that promotes LGBT people’s good health. Schools, communities, and homes that are safe. The recreational amenities and activities are available to those who qualify. Secure meeting locations are available, and also health services are available to them.

Additionally, according to a survey, the LGBT youths are mostly prospective to participate in very high-risk sexual practices, leading to an increased rate of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Besides, sexually minority teens have twice the incidence of infections like gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV in most heterosexual men. Moreover, most of the primary causes of the numerous high-risk sex-linked activities among middle and high school children are peer victimization. Bullying of LGBT students is common in schools. In addition, they are prone to disputes, absenteeism, emotional anguish, and behavioral issues. According to one of the longitudinal studies, gay or bisexual men are more expected to be maltreated than youngsters who identify themselves as heterosexual. Additionally, the early victimization and emotional distress accounted for almost half of the differences in the emotional distress amongst LGBT and heterosexual children in lads and lassies. Therefore, this has greatly affected their health because some of them are under anti-depressants.

Another key concern that has been found in homes with LGBT children is family rejection. Besides, the reveal of a child’s gender and sexual identity can lead to serious interpersonal issues. A study on two hundred and forty-five LGBT Latinos and non-Latino white minor individuals from the LGBT neighborhood, whose sensual coordination was identified to a minimum of one blood relation, investigated the influence of family acceptance and rejection. However, various family dynamics, not the young individual’s sexual alignment or gender identity, were more critical in determining family acceptance. From the research, parents from the Latino community, immigrants, and low socioeconomic positions were less welcoming.

Furthermore, excellent self-esteem and good health link to familial acceptance. It protected the LGBT group from adverse health outcomes like depression, recreational drug use, and suicidal conduct. Based on reports, various LGBT youths are either thrown out of their families or are unsure whether to stay or go. LGBT children are more likely than heterosexual teens to suffer from poor physical and emotional health after being homeless. Once they realize their gender and also their sexual identity, usually, they also have a tough time fitting into the LGBT society. In a particular study, women from sexual minorities saw smoking as means of connecting with their colleagues, which is risky to their health.

Therefore, various LGBT youths usually face severe healthcare tests, including advanced disease occurrence and also discrepancies in healthcare access. In contrast to their diverse heterosexual teenagers, the present literature evaluation discovers. They face these problems in school and also in public as well. In both middle and also high school environments, peer victimization and also separation are widespread. Furthermore, LGBT children have a hard time fitting into existing LGBT groups. As a result, individuals are more likely to engage in harmful behaviors prevalent in most members of these groups, and they are more likely to be victims of interpersonal violence. Also, LGBT children are likely to engage in high-risk erotic activities at a younger age, and these actions are linked to various factors. They’re more likely to suffer from depression, desperate ideation, and drug abuse, such as heroin.

Conclusively, this research review sheds light on substantial disparities in the LGBT youth’s psychological and bodily health. Some troubling concerns include stigmatization, strain, peer discrimination, and also familial rejection. In addition, Healthcare benefactors may not be well-versed in society’s unique demands and difficulties. Preconception and discrimination can be perpetuated because of inadequate training, ensuing in subpar medical care, and also a rise in the prevalence of illnesses and associated risk factors. To ensure adequate treatment is delivered to this group, healthcare practitioners must be taught via proper training, and guidelines must be established into practice.

20 Major Autoimmune Diseases and Treatment

20 Major Autoimmune Diseases and Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is primarily an autoimmune disease that attacks the joints; the illness occurs when the immune system attacks the joint’s lining, leading to discomfort and inflammation. Additionally, the condition can affect other joints, especially the knees, wrists, and hands. Symptoms comprise stiffness of joints, especially in the morning, tenderness, swelling, joint pain, fatigue, and fever. Some treatment options are available, but there is no cure for this disease. In most cases, the disorder may last for years or be long-life. The condition is treated using antirheumatic drugs such as biologics that prevent joint deformity and disease advancement.


Psoriasis causes patches, peeling, and swollen skin. The condition occurs as a result of the skin producing excess new skin cells. However, the condition is often not a severe disease but can be distressing or painful. The symptoms include itching, pain, scaly skin, and thick inflamed patches on the skin. Furthermore, imaging or lab tests are rarely required; management and treatment options include UV light therapy, topical ointments, and biologics.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Guillain-Barre Syndrome is a type of nervous system autoimmune illness that happens when the immune system attacks healthy nerves affecting the electrical signals sent by the nerves to the brain. The condition leads to difficulty in swallowing, weak muscles, vision problems, abnormal heart rates, and lack of bladder control. The syndrome is rare, and treatments help prevent further damage through high steroids doses, immunoglobulin therapy, and plasma exchange.


Vitiligo is a type of autoimmune skin condition and chronic disease that triggers the skin to lose its pigment. Vitiligo is a result of the melanocyte being attacked by the immune system, hence preventing melanin production. The symptoms include grey or white hair on the eyelashes or scalp, mouth discoloration, and light or white patches of the skin on the face, arms, or feet. The recommended treatment plan includes ultraviolet (UV) light therapy, also known as ultraviolet (UV) phototherapy.

Celiac Sprue

The disease attacks the digestive system. A person’s immunity reacts to gluten, a protein that foods like barley, pasta, and bread contain. Over time, the disorder may prevent the absorption of nutrients. Symptoms include fatigue, joint pain, constipation, and abdominal pain, and bloating. Individuals with this disorder are advised to undergo imaging or lab tests regularly. The recommended treatment plan is the avoidance of gluten in the diet.


Scleroderma is a type of autoimmune disease that affects the skin. The condition causes an uneven development of connective tissue in the blood vessels and skin, leading to thick and problematic skin. The condition is mild in some people but at the same time can affect internal organs and can cause death. Research indicates that the condition may be genetic, environmental, exposure to certain drugs or viruses. The autoimmune condition mainly affects women between the ages of 30 to 50; symptoms include tightening and thickness of the skin, ulcers on the fingertips, and calcium deposits a lot the connective tissue. Treatment and management methods include immunosuppressants and bowel and heartburn discomfort.

Hemolytic Anemia

Hemolytic anemia is an autoimmune disease that affects the blood. The condition occurs when the immune system destroys the red blood cells. As a result, it causes an oxygen deficiency that leads to headaches, fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath. Treatment and management programs include corticosteroids that reduce inflammation and surgical removal of the spleen.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The condition is an autoimmune illness of the digestive system; it causes chronic swelling of the digestive system giving rise to irritation and pain. The primary methods of IBD are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Additionally, the symptoms comprise abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, fatigue, and rectal bleeding. Treatment methods include changing eating habits and medications such as corticosteroids and immunosuppressants.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is a nervous system type of condition where the immune system mistakenly affects the myelin sheath shielding the nerves. As a result, the disease affects the transmission of signals to and fro the connected parts such as the spinal cord, nerves, and brain. Symptoms include weakness in extremities, tremors, speaking, walking, and numbness in the hands, arms, and feet. Notably, the disease does not have definite drugs for treatment; although certain medications may control and lower the symptoms, cases are different.

Type 1 Diabetes

The condition is a disease that affects hormones. The immune system attacks cells that make insulin which controls blood sugar levels. Lack of adequate insulin causes a person’s blood glucose level to rise very high, causing thirst, hunger, and fatigue. The condition is managed and controlled by administering daily insulin , regular physical activity, and diet monitoring.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

The disease is a condition that affects the glands whereby the immune system affects the thyroid glands, leading to less thyroid hormone production. Symptoms are hair loss, fatigue, muscle pain, stiff joints, constipation, and weight gain. A daily dose of levothyroxine helps raise thyroid hormone levels.

Graves’ Disease

The condition is an autoimmune disease that affects hormones. It causes the thyroid gland to become overactive and generate excess hormones causing a range of symptoms such as irritability, shaky hands, racing heartbeat, muscle weakness, insomnia, and weight loss. Several treatments and management options include Antithyroid medication to lower thyroid hormones level and radioactive iodine. In addition, thyroidectomy may be recommended by healthcare professionals.

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

The condition is a form of autoimmune disease that affects women, and antibodies attack the blood platelets necessary for blood clots. Signs include a heavy menstrual cycle, easy bruising, bleeding in the mouth and nose, abdominal pain, and red or tiny purple dots on the skin. Treatments include steroids such as oral corticosteroids; however, if corticosteroids fail to help, immune globulin injections are offered to patients.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

The condition is an illness that affects the skin, joints, kidneys, heart, and brain. Moreover, the state produces rashes in the organs. Common symptoms include rashes, fatigue, and joint pain. The condition may be treated and managed by administering antimalarial and corticosteroids.

Autoimmune Vasculitis

The condition affects the blood vessels. Generally, autoimmune vasculitis arises when the immune system attacks the blood vessels causing an inflammation that narrows the veins and arteries, allowing less blood flow. The symptoms include headache, fever, and fatigue. The treatment and management options include administering corticosteroid drugs to control the inflammation.

Addison’s Disease

The condition is a condition that attacks the glands. The disease affects the adrenal glands responsible for producing aldosterone, cortisol, and androgen hormones. Little cortisol may affect how the body uses and stores sugar and carbohydrates. Aldosterone deficiency may lead to excess potassium and sodium loss in the bloodstream. The symptoms include low blood sugar, weight loss, and weakness. Treatment plans include hormone replacement therapy and oral corticosteroids to correct the level of steroids.

Sjögren’s Syndrome

The condition is a type of autoimmune disease that attacks the glands which provide lubrication to the mouth and eyes. The primary symptoms include dry mouth and eyes but may also affect the skins or joints. The treatment method comprises administering hydroxyl chloroquine and methotrexate, which suppress the immune system.

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

The disease affects both genders but mainly affects women. The immune system destroys the bile duct leading to a buildup of bile in the liver that causes pain. The damages harden the liver and ultimately stops functioning. Symptoms include dry mouth and eyes, yellowing itchy skin, and fatigue. Nevertheless, there is no cure for the condition, but medications such as Ursodeoxycholic acid are used to slow the disease process and prevent further complications.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata mainly affects women; the immune system affects hair follicles. The condition is not health-threatening though it affects an individual’s appearance. An individual can recover from the disease since it is temporary. The hair loss is temporary, and the follicles are the ability to grow. The main symptom is the patchy loss of hair on the face, scalp, and other body parts. Applying corticosteroids on the bald spots and minoxidil to help maintain hair growth. Moreover, some people choose to treat the condition using natural methods, and research supports natural products in alopecia disease.

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease that destroys the nerves. The condition deteriorates after periods of movement and improves after rest. It is because the antibodies bind to the nerves, which are unable to stimulate muscles properly. Additionally, the disease is common in men above sixty years and women below forty years. The main symptoms of the condition are droopy eyelids, double vision, and difficulty in swallowing. This health condition has no cure, however, pyridostigmine remains the best treatment option.

Women’s Health Issues: Types, Causes, and Treatment

Women’s Health Issues: Types, Causes, and Treatment

Uterine Cancer

Uterine fibroid is a condition characterized by growths of the uterus, which are non-cancerous and typically develop during the childbearing stages of a woman’s life. The growths vary in size, with some being tiny, making them detectable by the human eye. Others are large enough to the extent of distorting and enlarging the uterus. Fibroids are classified according to their location. Growths within the muscular uterine wall are known as intramural fibroids, while those bulging into the uterine space are called sub-mucosal fibroids. The last class of fibroids is those that grow out of the uterus and are known as subserosal fibroids.

Risk Factors

In addition to being a woman, there are risk factors such as age. Black women are at higher risks of getting fibroids compared to women from other races. This is because the manifestation of fibroids in women starts at a lower age, where the fibroids are more in number and size, and the symptoms are more severe. In addition, the onset of menstruation at early stages in life, hereditary factors, deficiency of vitamin D, low green vegetable nutrition and high red meat diet intake, and taking alcoholic beverages increase the chances of getting uterine fibroids.


Fibroids in many women display no symptoms. However, the symptoms are influenced by the location, number, and size of the fibroids present; some of the symptoms include pelvic pain, constipation, back and leg pain, frequent urination. Additionally, patients have heavy menstrual bleeding and may last for more than one week.


Clinical experience indicates that fibroids arise from genetic changes. If genes change and differ from those in the normal uterus, fibroids are likely to occur. Hormones such as progesterone and estrogen promote the growth of fibroids. Research has indicated that the amount of progesterone and estrogen receptors compared to normal uterine cells. Additionally, fibroids shrink with the inception of menopause due to a decline in estrogen and progesterone. Extracellular matrix increases in fibroids making the cells more fibrous. Additionally, the extracellular matrix stores growth factors making biological changes in the uterine wall cells.

Control and Management

Little evidence is available on how to prevent fibroids. Only a small percentage of the growths require treatment. Decreasing the risk of fibroids requires incorporating diets with fruits and vegetables and maintaining an average weight. Contraceptives such as Oriahnn, GnRH agonists, and oral Tranexamic acid are linked with low risks of getting uterine fibroids.


Endometriosis is a disorder characterized by pain where the endometrium grows outside the uterus. The condition covers the fallopian tube, ovaries, and pelvic lining tissue. Endometriosis is characterized by the endometrial-like tissue acting in the same way as the endometrial tissue. The endometrial shadowing tissues thickens, breaks down, and bleed every time a patient experiences a menstrual cycle. Endometriosis forms whenever endometriosis affects the ovaries. Upon irritation, tissues around the ovaries may develop scar tissues and adhesions. The adhesions are abnormal bands composed of fiber-like tissues that can trigger pelvic tissues and organs to stick together. The condition has four stages based on the location, depth, size, and amount of the endometrial tissue. The stages are minimal, mild, moderate, and severe.


Pelvic pain is the most noticeable symptom of endometriosis, especially during menstrual pain. Pain may come before the menstrual cycle and extend for more days after the cycle, accompanied by back and abdominal pains. The pain usually is during and after sex for patients with endometriosis. Additional symptoms include pain when urinating or bowels are moved and infertility.


Retrograde menstruation is one of the causes of endometriosis, where blood containing endometrial cells fails to flow out of the pelvic cavity and flows back through the pelvic cavity. The cells cling to the walls of the pelvis, develop, stiffen and bleed at every menstrual phase. Peritoneal cells transformation may also trigger endometriosis. Disorders of the immune system may also trigger endometriosis since the body cannot detect and destroy the endometrial cells. Transportation of endometrial cells and embryonic cell transformation may also trigger endometriosis. Transformation of the embryonic cells may result from estrogen during the early stages of cell development.

Risk Factors and Compilations

Development of endometriosis may arise from a patient never giving birth, short menstrual cycles, and starting menstrual cycles at an early life stage. Other factors include menstrual cycles that last for more than seven days, low body mass index, abnormalities in the reproductive tract. In addition, any clinical conditions that may hinder the movement of menses out of the body and high estrogen levels in the body may trigger endometriosis.

Complications that result from endometriosis include infertility. Endometriosis obstructs the fallopian tube, which inhibits fusion between the sperm and egg cells. Additionally, the condition may destroy the sperm, making fusion and implanting the egg and sperm impossible. Ovarian cancer is higher in endometriosis patients compared to any other kind of patient.


Pain management is one of the many ways to handle endometriosis. Common drugs used are non-steroidal inflammatory drugs. Treatment with hormonal therapy such as oral contraceptives is used for managing the condition by lowering the amount of estrogen in the body. Surgical procedures such as laparoscope might be used to take out affected tissue and increase the chances of a patient becoming fertile.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Women develop a hormonal health disorder during the reproductive stage of their life, and it is known as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Patients suffering from PCOS have excess amounts of androgen hormone and their periods occur longer than expected. Numerous and tiny fluid collections can develop on the ovaries, making them fail to release ova. Currently, the causes of PCOS are not apparent. Once an individual experiences a change in their periods, they should consult a doctor for early detection and control.


Development of symptoms occurs firsts at puberty when the first menstrual period appears. Additionally, the condition may arise later in life due to weight gain. Irregular and prolonged periods are signs that a patient has PCOS. Excess levels of androgen hormones, male hormones in a female, results in physical symptoms such as excessive hairs on the body and the face. Moreover, a patient might have severe acne and a baldness pattern resembling that of males. Besides, the ovaries and follicles surrounding the eggs may become enlarged, making ovaries malfunction.


Various factors play in contributing to PCOS. First, excessive insulin levels in the body might lead to raised androgen levels which causes difficulties in ovulation. Second, low-grade inflammation, which is common in patients with PCOS, stimulates androgen production by the polycystic ovaries. The results are heart and blood vessel problems. Third, the ovaries might also produce elevated levels of androgen, which results in acne and hirsutism. Lastly, PCOS might arise from hereditary issues where the disorder’s related genes are passed from a parent to the offspring.

Complications Caused by PCOS

Pregnancy complications might arise if a pregnant woman has PCOS; this includes miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, high blood pressure, and early birth. Heart-related problems also increase due to the presence of PCOS. PCOS results in cardiovascular conditions due to high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels in the blood, and increased inflammatory proteins. In addition, women suffering from PCOS have more chances of getting prediabetes and diabetes type II than PCOS-free women. Endometrial cancer is also likely to occur if a patient is diagnosed with PCOS.


Treatment of PCOS involves changes in an individual’s lifestyle as well as medication. The focus on PCOS treatment is managing specific patient concerns such as obesity, infertility, and hirsutism. Lifestyle changes that will help a patient reduce weight are some of the treatment options for PCOS. Weight loss may be achieved through exercise and low calories diets intake. Limiting carbohydrate diets is recommended to manage PCOS. High carbohydrate content diets should be substituted with carbohydrates that elevate the blood sugar levels at a slower rate. Medications can be used to regulate a patient’s menstrual cycles, which might include a combination of birth control pills containing progestin and estrogen. Such pills help in reducing the levels of androgen produced in the body and regulates estrogen as well. Period regulation can be achieved through an intake of progestin for almost two weeks every one to two months, which further helps protect against endometrial cancers.